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Deacon Raymond Chan’s Homilies
For previous homilies, please see the Homily Archive here.


Second Sunday of Advent:  Repent, Live into God’s Dream with Hope

December 04, 2022


            This Sunday’s liturgy brings together readings from very different backgrounds, as it gives expression to the Advent message of hope.


            The prophetic vision of Isaiah (11:1-10) reflects his familiarity with the king’s court in a period of dramatic international developments in the region. He links the fulfillment of God’s design for the nation with the rule of a new David whose rule will contrast with many of David’s unworthy successors. He will be filled with the gifts of the ‘spirit of the Lord’, ruling with wisdom and integrity, and showing himself a forthright champion of the oppressed and the poor of the land. The peace established by his rule is graphically portrayed as like a new paradise – as the whole country is ‘filled with the knowledge of the Lord’, living according to God’s ways. For those who know the blessings brought by the true ‘Son of David’, the themes of the Christmas celebration that awaits us at the end of our Advent preparation are not difficult to recognize.


            The gospel reading from Matthew (3:1-12) reminds us that our hope in the promises of God brings with it a challenge. John the Baptist was honored by Jesus as the embodiment of the prophetic tradition of Israel. In the cultural traditions of the world, there is no parallel to old Israel’s acknowledgment of its failures before the God of the covenant. And it was the prophets who – like a conscience of the nation – challenged the people and their leaders with their unfaithfulness. Scholars tell us that Matthew’s gospel – from which our readings for the coming year will come – was produced by an early Christian community in dispute with former Jewish associates who cannot accept the claims of Christian faith. This helps us to understand the sharp edge given to the words of Jesus against “the Scribes and Pharisees‟ (see ch.23), and the strong words of the Baptist in this Sunday’s gospel. Jesus was impatient with the complacent exclusivism of these groups. We know, from contemporary records, that they tended to believe that being “children of Abraham‟ assured them a sharing in God’s promises. John too challenges their complacency: “We have Abraham for our father”.’ In the best prophetic tradition, his language has a frightening intensity. The axe is already ‘laid to the roots of the trees’ and without their own ‘good fruits’ they will be lost.


            Writing to the Romans, Paul has a similar message. (15:4-9) Jewish converts must follow ‘the example of Christ Jesus’, in the tolerance and generosity they show, as they recognize in the Church’s embracing of ‘the pagans’ what God foretold in the promises of ‘the Scriptures’. Our hope is boundless in its expectations; but we must play our part in the generous designs of God.


            In every age when God’s people turn to sin and waywardness, human prophets appear to sound warnings of what is to come unless humanity changes its course. They may be humble, untutored individuals like Amos, the sheep farmer of the eighth century B.C., they may be learned public figures like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. or wild creatures driven by some inner fire. We usually think of prophecy as foretelling the future – predictions of things to come. But the biblical meaning of prophecy is the declaration of religious truth, speaking as the voice of God. On this second Sunday of Advent, we find ourselves once again on the banks of the River Jordan with John the Baptist. All four Gospel writers agree that there is no good news – no Gospel of Jesus, without John the Baptist. Jesus himself describes John as the greatest of prophets. John took his mission seriously.  He was the signpost to the coming of the Messiah into the world.


            John feared no one, not even Herod or Herod’s wife, who in the end arranged to have John’s head. He was, however, totally devoted to the One for whom he came to prepare the way, saying to his followers, “I baptize you with water for repentance, but one who is more powerful than I is coming after me; I am not worthy to carry his sandals.” It would be hard to envision John on the cover of any fashion magazine. This wild figure dressed in camel’s hair would more likely be depicted as a cartoon image holding a sign that reads, “Get ready, the end is near!” John proclaims, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.” Crowds from Jerusalem and the surrounding regions flock to hear John and to be baptized in the Jordan. Why do they flock to hear John? Perhaps they have become disheartened by the quality of their lives and welcome the call for change. The Biblical understanding of the term “repent” is deeply shaped by the Jewish experience of exile. To repent, to reform, to return, to renew,  to undergo a baptism of purification in the Jordan is to follow the prepared way of the Lord that leads out of our separation and back into reconnection with the God who made us and loves us beyond our understanding.


            John is out in the wilderness – far away from the places of power. He sees the world through the lens of wilderness experience and calls to mind the fact that God’s people endured the wilderness – with all its confusions, ill-will, and foolishness – as they fled from Pharaoh’s tyranny. For years, they struggled with God’s call on their lives, often abusing it with their own disobedience. This is a man who won’t stop reminding people of the reality of faithlessness despite all that comes from God’s gracious leading. He risks the traumas the wilderness may bring. The wilderness is a place where death is all too close – where food is scarce. No wonder his staples are locusts and wild honey. Perhaps venturing into the wilderness to be with John reminds the crowd of their ancestors’ struggles, allowing them to hear John’s call to repent more as invitation than judgment – as an invitation to come home.


            To repent doesn’t mean to simply be sorry. In the New Testament, to repent means to begin seeing differently, to begin thinking differently, both of which lead to acting and living differently. To repent is to change, but not for the sake of change itself. Rather, when we change, we start to live differently, because as we enter a new mindset or as we develop a new way of seeing, we become aware that our actions are out of step with God’s dream for all creation. And what is God’s dream for all creation? The answer to that question can be found throughout Scripture. One illustration can be found in our reading from Isaiah – God’s dream is for the world to be a place in which peace and equity – rather than fear and hatred – rule the day. God dreams for the world to be a place where we view each other with compassion and with love, where all of creation is full of the mercy and the peace of God, where the values of Christ is present wherever we go.


           What if we choose to hear John’s call – Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near – not as a threat of impending condemnation, but as an invitation to live into God’s dream, as an opportunity for us to deepen our relationship with Him through prayer and repentance? Even now, there are prophets rising up in our midst. Our youths dream of having a future in which they can enjoy God’s creation, but often feel that their dreams are threatened because of climate change and violence. They are demanding change to protect their lives and God’s creation so they and their children may enjoy the abundant life God desires for them – that they may live into God’s dream. The vulnerable simply can’t afford to be indifferent, “and a little child shall lead them” (Isaiah 11:6b).


            Brothers and sisters, God invites us all to dream something beyond what we can presently see – the suffering of migrants, of refugees, the homeless, the hungry, and those who have lost loved ones through acts of violence. These are dreams by which to set a course. God does not ask us if we are there yet, but rather whether we are headed in the right direction. We, as children of God, need to heed the voice of the one crying out in the wilderness – the voice that reminds us of God’s dream. We need to take the time to seek God’s vision for us – to ask, “What does God want us to be and to do?” We need to choose one – just one, for now – element of our lives where we see the need for repentance and take advantage of the opportunity to change direction. Following Paul’s counsel, we who have glimpsed God’s dream must now share that hope. Like John, we must strive to renew the hopes of an exhausted world. With practice, we can be like Isaiah, who can see beyond the mess and dream of a world in which all are ready for the arrival of God.


            “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”  – “Repent, live into God’s Dream.” This is John the Baptist’s invitation for us to come home and to be the people God has created us to be. Amen.

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